MySQL [ERROR] Invalid (old?) table or database name

After upgrading to MySQL 5, one of my databases appeared empty even though the MyISAM tables existed in /var/lib/mysql/database-name. I found this error in the mysql log file in /var/log/mysqld.log:

090425 23:10:52 [ERROR] Invalid (old?) table or database name 'database-name'

Turns out that MySQL 5 doesn’t like database names that contain a hyphen. In the mysql directory, I see that it created a second directory for the database, but with the hyphen replaced with ‘@002d’.

drwx------  2 mysql mysql     4096 Apr 25 23:10 database-name
drwx------  2 mysql mysql     4096 Apr 24 00:30 database@002dname

To resolve that I decided to replace the hyphen with an underscore. I stopped mysql, renamed /var/lib/mysql/database-name to /var/lib/mysql/database_name, and then ran this SQL to update the permissions:

UPDATE mysql.db SET Db = 'database_name' WHERE Db = 'database\-name';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

I could then see the tables using mysql from the command line. From there, I just updated the setting for the application to use the new name, and everything worked out find.

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